Petroleum Technology Quarterly Q4 2016 issue features Intergraph TANK software benefits
The design and maintenance of atmospheric and low pressure vessels for oil storage is becoming ever more vital as crude oil storage capacity utilisation rises and oil storage capacity grows globally. The US Energy Information Administration shows crude oil storage capacity utilisation rising steadily.
From the perspective of the casual observer, these storage tanks just sit there doing their job day in, day out. And then in a spark of enlightenment, questions start to pop into the minds of the curious:
- How thick do the walls and floors of these structures have to be?
- Why are some tanks bolted down to the ground and others are not?
- What internal support structures are needed if the tank has a fixed roof?
- What happens to a tank during a hurricane or earthquake?
The answers to these questions are readily available. They ultimately lie in the pages of the following codes and standards:
- American Petroleum Institute (API) 650
- BS EN 14015:2004
- API 620.
Tank design codes reflect the culmination of decades of work by many dedicated individuals. Using these standards helps to ensure that tanks will be able to stand the rigours of the elements and conditions to which they are subjected.
Read the complete article from Scott Mayeux and Jana Miller.